Meyrick (Merrick) Family of Bodorgan, Anglesey, Wales

According to Manuscripts and biblical texts, this line came from Merari son of Levi as recorded in the College of Jesus Manuscript. The genealogies from Jesus College MS 20 are a medieval Welsh collection of genealogies preserved in a single manuscript, Oxford, Bodleian Library, Jesus College, MS 20, folios 33r–41r. It presents the lineages of a number of medieval Welsh rulers, particularly those of south Wales.[1] The manuscript was compiled in the late 14th century, but many genealogies are thought to be considerably older.[1] The latest pedigrees to have been included in the tract are those of Llywelyn ab Iorwerth (d. 1240) and Rhys Gryg (d. 1234).[1] It shares some material with the earlier Harleian genealogies. It dates to matching genealogical texts referenced at www.MerrickFoundation.Org

Urien was the son of Cynfarch Oer, son of Meirchion Gul, son of Gorwst, son of Cenau, son of Coel Hen . Urinen or Yuriah of the Mar or Merari. He had four sons, named Owain, Rhiwallon, Rhun and Pasgen. The eldest of them succeeded him.

From the line of Cydafael Ynnyd below, we see that Cydafael had come from a merging of Royal lines through male ancestry departing the line of Tactus which came from Magnus Maximus and the Roman lines of Caesars. Cydafael from this Roman line was his Mother's ancestry and by other texts we find his Male lines by the phonetic root of the name which has become by linguistic history as Meyrick, Merrick and a codex of similar surnames. lines are from Mostyn MS. 117 which dates from the late thirteenth century. The earliest being Peniarth MS.45 of the second half of  the thirteenth century. It overlaps with both the Harleian MS. 3859 and the Jesus College MS.20 (998-1400) Now during the period of the Safrahime, 400BC to 70AD, many bought genealogy to claim kinship to Abraham. So are we really

Jews as the manuscripts suggest? Did we come from Merari? (Num.26:57) Only our DNA will tell. To match, I need one Male and myself from the clear line of Israel Merrick from Md. and Tioga County PA. That will give us a base to compare with the

Welsh lines and create a data base to grow from. If you want to know which side of the DNA tree for the Merrick line your leaf sprouted, please join. Get Merrick History Books by Dr Dan at

This line recorded at the Merrick Foundation Org as:

MALE MERRICK, Codex #M620 (Jewish Gen Code-M code 695000 or 694500)Genealogy: Male Merrick Lineage from : Yah, GOD: To be praised, honored, and glorified forever Creator of the first man- As Recorded in First Chronicles 1:1;1:24-28: Genesis1: Adam & Eve 4000 BC























Jacob who is also called Israel

Levi Son of Jacob who was called Isael





















Merrick who was also called Mruig




48 Dyfnwal Hen (Daniel or Ancient hebrew Daniyah)

49 Manogan

50 Beli Mawr (El Beli) who was married to the Prophetess Anna daughter of Yoseph of Arimathea.

These omitted generations that draw a line to review in comparison to Biblical scriptures with genealogical researched texts, leaves the historians often skeptical at the copies of ancestries given by mid-evil authors. Yet we find in Biblical texts more complete lines that lend to a matching of the generations as spanning 6000 years with each being about 50 years per generation. When we simply do the math, 6000 divided by 50 is 120 generations. So when we take into account the numbers of lifespan, accounts of Abraham being old and his wife Sarah being in her 90s when Isaac was born, we can clearly see that the supposed dating of other so called experts is called into question more than that of biblical authors and copies of texts such as MS20. The generations should show at least 105 to 125 male ancestors to match a 6000 year time line.

Dyfnwal Hen or Dumnagual Hen ("Dyfnwal the Old") was a ruler of the Brittonic kingdom of Alt Clut, later known as Strathclyde, probably sometime in the early 6th century. His biography is vague, but he was regarded as an important ancestor figure for several kingly lines in the Hen Ogledd or "Old North" of Britain. As an ancestor figure, he compares to Coel Hen, another obscure figure credited with founding a number of northern dynasties.

According to the Harleian genealogies, Dyfnwal was the son of a Cinuit, the son of Ceretic Guletic, probably his predecessors as king.[1] The Harleian genealogies name three of his sons, each of whom formed a kingly line: Clinoch, Dyfnwal's successor as king of Alt Clut; Guipno (Gwyddno), who fathered the later king Neithon; and Cynfelyn, a king of Din Eidyn or Edinburgh.[2] The Bonedd Gwŷr y Gogledd, a later genealogy of northern kings, gives a modified version of Dyfnwal's family tree.[3] Here, he is the son of Idnyued and the grandson of Maxen Wledig, better known as the Roman usurper Magnus Maximus. The Bonedd follows the Harleian in making Dyfnwal the great-grandfather of Rhydderch Hael, a later king of Alt Clut, but his other descendants are altered significantly.[2] A Gwyddno is included, but he listed as Dyfnwal's great-grandson rather than son, and he is specifically identified as Gwyddno Garanhir of the Taliesin legend.[3] A highly confused track makes Dyfnwal the ancestor to the family of Áedán mac Gabráin, a 6th-century ruler of the Gaelic kingdom of Dál Riata.[3]

So from Daniel or Dyfuwal Hen, we match biblical text to the era and look for the lines in other manuscript during the era of Messiah which is called Christ. From there we gained the line as follows:

48-Dyfynwal Hen m. (Daniel) Abt.150bc + **&***

49-Manogan m.

50-El (Beli) Mawr (the Great), King of Britain, Abt 110 bc - + Don ferch Mathonwy

51-Lludd Llaw Ereint (the Silver-Handed), King of Britain, Abt 80 bc -

52-Afallach ap Lludd, Abt 45 bc -

53-Owain ap Afallach, Abt 10 bc -

54-Prydein ap Owain, Abt 25 -

55-Dubwn ap Prydein, Abt 60 -

56-Eufwn ap Dubwn, Abt 95 -

57-Anwrid ap Eufwn, Abt 130 -

58-(Gwr-)Dufn ap Anwrid, Abt 165 -

59-(Gwr-)Doli ap Dufn, Abt 200 -

60-(Gwr-)Cein ap Doli, Abt 235 -

61-Tacitus ap Cein, Abt 270 -

62-Paternus Pasrut (of the Red Robe), Abt 305 -

63-Aeternus ap Padeyrn, Abt 340 -

64-Cunedda Wledig (the Imperator), King of North Wales, + Gwawl ferch Coel, Abt 384

65-Einion Yrth (the Impetuous), King of Gwynedd, Abt 419 -...+Prawst ferch Deithlyn, Abt 420

66-Cadwallon Lawhir (Long Hand), King of Gwynedd, Abt 450 - 517..+Meddyf ferch Maeldaf,abt460

67-Maelgwn Gwynedd alias Hir (the Tall), King of Gwynedd, Abt 480 - 549.......+Gwallwen ferch Afallach, Abt 490 -**

68-Rhun Hir (the Tall), King of Gwynedd, Abt 508 - 586.......+Perfawr ferch Rhun, Abt 510

(also known as Urien, Lord of Rhegid, 590 AD)

69-Rimo ferch Rhun, Abt 528 -.....+Hoel II Fychan (the Small), Abt 522 - 547

70- El (Beli) ap Rhun, King of Gwynedd, Abt 530 - 599.......+Unknown

71-Iago ap Beli, King of Gwynedd, Abt 560 - 613.........+Unknown

72-Cadvan First Prince of Wales & King of North Wales (Catamanus) Cadfan ap Iago, King of Gwynedd, Abt 580 - 625...............+Afandreg Ddu (the Black), Abt 584 -

73-King Cadwaladr 650 A.D. Last Crowned King of the British Race.Cadwallon ap Cadfan, King of Gwynedd, Abt 600 - 634

74-Idwal Twrch, Abt 680

75-Rhodvi Molwynog 703 A.D.

76-Conan 720 A.D.

77-Mervyn Vrych (Merfyn Frych -kings of Gwynedd = Nest /kings of Powys)

78-Rhodri Mawr (Rhoderick the Great) 843 A.D.

79-Llewelyn (Excluded from his crown by his uncle Cadell.) married Angharad Queen of Powys, daughter of Owen ap Howel ap Cadell ap 78 Rhodri Mawr

79-Meredydd Meredith King of Powys, slain 998AD(ap Owen because he was his Cousins son

by Biblical Law [Meredydd {ap Llewelyn Biological Father}ap Owen ap howel Dha the good

King of south Wales, ap Cadell ap 78 Rhodri Mawr)

80-Cydafael Ynnyd (Lord of Cydewain, Montgomery County, Judge of Powys+Arienwen ap Jarwarth

Remembering that the line from Eva daughter of 79 Meredydd gave Burke the Royal house from the daughters line omitting the male line. Our dating puts Daniel at about 150 BC to 200 BC but may also omit some sons in that some texts have jumped generations to reference the most well known prophet or king in a line. Many texts just say who was the grandson or great-grandson of the more famous or well known lineage.

So we find Genealogies with records showing the historical lines of the middle Kingdom of Wales and the Royal Family Tree

Cunedda ap Edern or Cunedda Wledig[1] (fl. 5th century) was an important early Welsh leader, and the progenitor of the royal dynasty of Gwynedd. His faither was Eternas also known in English of that era of Anglo Saxon rise as Edrern. So thus we see that Cousins had married in this line and by the Male line and the Female line they came from Israel and Rome to merge lines of the House in Wales with legend and history.

Einion Yrth (Welsh for "the Impetuous"), was a king of Gwynedd.

One of the sons of Cunedda, he travelled with his father to north Wales in the early 450s to expel Irish raiders from the region. After his father's death, Einion inherited control over the newly founded kingdom of Gwynedd. Aided by his brother Ceredig, ruler of Ceredigion, and his nephew Meirion, ruler of Meirionnydd, Einion built upon his father's successes and further established his family's rule in the region. He was succeeded by two sons: Cadwallon Lawhir and Owain Ddantgwyn.

Not to be confused with Saint Cadfan.


Cadfan ap Iago (c. 569 – c. 625) was King of Gwynedd (reigned c. 616 – c. 625). Little is known of the history of Gwynedd from this period, and information about Cadfan and his reign is minimal.

The historical person is known only from his appearance in royal genealogies, from his grant to Saint Beuno for the monastery at Clynnog Fawr, and from his inscribed gravestone.

Cadfan was the son and successor of King Iago ap Beli, and is listed in the royal genealogies of the Harleian genealogies and in Jesus College MS. 20.[1][2] Cadfan came to the throne near the time of the Battle of Chester (Welsh: Gwaith Caerlleon) in 616, in which the Northumbrians under Æthelfrith decisively defeated the neighboring Welsh Kingdom of Powys and then massacred the monks of Bangor Is Coed. However, there is no evidence that Gwynedd had any part in the battle,[3] so Cadfan's accession at that time appears to be no more than coincidence.

King Cadfan's gravestone in Llangadwaladr church. The inscription reads "Catamanus rex sapientisimus opinatisimus omnium regum" (English: King Cadfan, most wise and renowned of all kings).[4]

Cadfan's gravestone is at Llangadwaladr (English: Cadwaladr's Church) on Anglesey, a short distance from the ancient llys (English: royal court) of the kings of Gwynedd, and reputed to be their royal burial ground. The inscription refers to him as sapientisimus (English: most wise), and as this term is historically used for ecclesiastics, it suggests that at some point, Cadfan had resigned as king to live out his remaining years as an ecclesiast.[5]

Cadfan was succeeded as king by his son, Cadwallon ap Cadfan.

Cadwallon ap Cadfan (died 634[1]) was the King of Gwynedd from around 625 until his death in battle. The son and successor of Cadfan ap Iago, he is best remembered as the King of the Britons who invaded and conquered the Kingdom of Northumbria, defeating and killing its king, Edwin, prior to his own death in battle against Oswald of Bernicia. His conquest of Northumbria, which he held for a year or two after Edwin died, made him the last Briton to hold substantial territory in eastern Britain until the rise of the House of Tudor.[2] He was thereafter remembered as a national hero by the Britons and as a tyrant by the Anglo-Saxons of Northumbria.

Cadafael ap Cynfeddw (English: Cadafael son of Cynfeddw) was King of Gwynedd (reigned 634 – c. 655). He came to the throne when his predecessor, King Cadwallon ap Cadfan, was killed in battle, and his primary notability is in having gained the disrespectful sobriquet Cadafael Cadomedd (fully translated into English: Battle-Seizer the Battle-Decliner).

Unusual for the era, King Cadafael was not a member of one of the leading families of Gwynedd. His name appears in the Welsh Triads as one of the "Three kings, who were of the sons of strangers" (sometimes referred to as the "Three Peasant Kings"), where he is identified as "Cadafael, son of Cynfeddw in Gwynedd".[1]

Cadafael's reign was a critical time for the future of the Cymry (i.e., the Welsh and the Brythonic 'Men of the North' taken together, exclusive of all others). There was an alliance of the Cymry with Penda of Mercia initially forged by Cadwallon ap Cadfan, and there was ongoing warfare against the then-ascendant Kingdom of Northumbria.

Though the alliance was effective and enjoyed several notable successes, it would end disastrously with the death of Penda and a Northumbrian supremacy both in the north and in the English Midlands. The kingdoms of Pengwern, Manaw Gododdin, Gododdin, and Rheged would be permanently obliterated. The kingdoms of Gwynedd, Powys, and Alt Clud would be diminished. The blame for it fell hardest on Cadafael's reputation.

Cadwaladr ap Cadwallon (also spelled Cadwalader or Cadwallader in English) was king of Gwynedd in Wales from around AD 655 to 682. Two devastating plagues happened during his reign, one in 664 and the other in 682; he himself was a victim of the second. Little else is known of his reign.

Though little is known about the historical Cadwaladr, he became a mythical redeemer figure in Welsh culture. He is a prominent character in the romantic stories of Geoffrey of Monmouth, where he is portrayed as the last in an ancient line to hold the title King of Britain. In Geoffrey's account, he does not die of plague. He renounces his throne in 688 to become a pilgrim, in response to a prophecy that his sacrifice of personal power will bring about a future victory of the Britons over the Anglo-Saxons. Geoffrey's story of Cadwaladr's prophecy and trip to Rome is believed to be an embellishment of the events in the life of Cædwalla of Wessex, whom Geoffrey mistakenly conflated with Cadwaladr. Cædwalla renounced his throne and travelled to Rome in 688.

For later Welsh commentators, the myth "provided a messianic hope for the future deliverance of Britain from the dominion of the Saxons".[1] It was also used by both the Yorkist and Lancastrian factions during the Wars of the Roses to claim that their candidate would fulfil the prophecy by restoring the authentic lineage stemming from Cadwaladr.

The red dragon (Welsh: Y Ddraig Goch) has long been known as a Welsh symbol, appearing in the Mabinogion, the Historia Brittonum, and the stories of Geoffrey of Monmouth. Since the accession of Henry VII to the English throne, it has often been referred to as "The Red Dragon of Cadwaladr". The association with Cadwaladr is a traditional one, without a firm historical provenance.

Cadwaladr ap Cadwallon

The red dragon, which was attributed as a badge referring to Cadwaladr during the High Middle Ages.

King of Gwynedd


c.655 – 682 AD




Idwal Iwrch (uncertain)


682 AD


Idwal Iwrch


House of Gwynedd


Cadwallon ap Cadfan

Idwal Iwrch (English: Idwal the Roebuck), or Idwal ap Cadwaladr (English: Idwal son of Cadwaladr), is a figure in the genealogies of the kings of Gwynedd. He was the son of King Cadwaladr ap Cadwallon (reigned c. 655 – 682) and the father of King Rhodri Molwynog (died 754). The records of this era are scanty, and Idwal's name appears only in the pedigrees of later kings and in a prophecy found in two 14th-century Welsh manuscripts, which says that he will succeed his father Cadwaladr as king.

The only mention of Idwal Iwrch in the historical record is the appearance of his name in genealogies such as those from Jesus College MS. 20 (as the father of "Rhodri Molwynog son of Idwal Iwrch son of Cadwaladr Fendigiad")[1] and the Harleian genealogies (as the father of "Rotri son of Intguaul son of Catgualart").[2] John Davies' History of Wales does not mention Idwal,[3] while John Edward Lloyd's History says only that Idwal was Rhodri Molwynog's father.[4] The King of Gwynedd during Idwal's lifetime is not known, and while he is one of the most likely candidates (because he was both the son of a king and the father of a king), there is no sufficiently reliable basis to either assert or deny it.

Idwal's name appears in the Dialogue between Myrddin and his sister Gwenddydd (Welsh: Cyfoesi Myrddin a Gwenddydd ei chwaer), a Middle Welsh vaticinatory poem whose text is preserved in two medieval Welsh manuscripts, Peniarth 3 (c. 1300) and the Red Book of Hergest (c. 1380-1410).[5] In the text's question-answer form, a succession of "future" kings is prophesied, with Idwal among them. This succession agrees with the historical genealogies from father to son, but does not agree with the known royal succession.[6]

Rhodri Molwynog ("Rhodri the Bald and Grey"; died c. 754), also known as Rhodri ap Idwal ("Rhodri son of Idwal") was an 8th-century king of Gwynedd. He was listed as a King of the Britons by the Annals of Wales.

This era in the history of Gwynedd is very obscure and, given the lack of reliable information available, several serious histories of medieval Wales—including John Davies's[1]—do not mention Rhodri at all, while others—including John Lloyd's[2]—mention him only in passing, quoting the undated entry of the Annals of Wales recording his death.[3] Phillimore's reconstruction places the entry in the year 754.[3] The Annals do not mention the death of an earlier king within a reasonable time frame, so the date that he became king is not known, nor is the name of his predecessor.

Rhodri's name also appears in genealogies such as those in Jesus College MS. 20 (where he is described as the son of Idwal Iwrch son of Cadwaladr Fendigiad[4]) and the Harleian genealogies (where he is described as the son of Tutgual son of Cadwaladr[5]). It remains, however, unclear to what extent the genealogies at that point were recording the lineage of the Cuneddion dynasty regardless of their rule or recording the rulers regardless of their connection to the main branch of the dynasty.

The Annals of Wales mention a war in Cornwall around 722 without giving the names of the individuals involved.[6] The Brut y Saeson says that in 721 there was "an extensive war between Rhodri Molwynawg and the Saxons in Cornwall".[7] The Brut Aberpergwm also recorded this event but, while it was accepted for a time by the editors of the Myvyrian Archaiology, Thomas Stephens has since shown that it was one of Iolo Morganwg's many forgeries.[8]

The Rotri appearing in the Annals has sometimes been misidentified as a ruler of Alt Clut (modern Dumbarton Rock), the Brythonic kingdom later known as Strathclyde.[9]
See Also

Gwriad ap Elidyr (English: Gwriad son of Elidyr) or Gwriad Manaw was a late-8th century figure in Great Britain. Very little is known of him, and he chiefly appears in the historical record in connection to his son Merfyn Frych, King of Gwynedd from around 825 to 844 and founder of the Merfynion dynasty. Almost nothing is known about Gwriad's background. He married Ethyllt ferch Cynan, daughter of Cynan Dindaethwy, King of Gwynedd. Their son Merfyn Frych later became the first king of Gwynedd known not to have come from the dynasty of its founder Cunedda. Merfyn evidently claimed the throne through his mother rather than through Gwriad, and bolstered this atypical matrilineal claim through his own power and reputation.[1][2] According to the genealogies from Jesus College MS 20, Gwriad was the son of a certain Elidyr and was a descendant of Llywarch Hen and Coel Hen, rulers from the Hen Ogledd or "Old North", the Brittonic-speaking parts of what is now southern Scotland and northern England.[2][3] The bardic poetry indicates that Merfyn was "from the land of Manaw", a Brittonic place name applied to several districts, including Manaw Gododdin, the area around the Firth of Forth. This locale in the Hen Ogledd would be consistent with Gwriad's descent from Llywarch's northern lineage.[4] An origin in Manaw Gododdin was supported by scholars such as William Forbes Skene and John Edward Lloyd.[5]

Other scholars connect Gwriad to the Isle of Man, known in Welsh as Ynis Manaw rather than Manaw Gododdin, especially following the 1896 discovery of an 8th- or 9th-century cross on Man inscribed Crux Guriat ("Cross of Gwriad").[5][6] Lloyd wrote that this discovery "undoubtedly strengthens the case" for a Manx origin.[5] John Rhys suggested that Gwriad may have taken refuge on the Isle of Man during the bloody dynastic struggle in Gwynedd between Cynan Dindaethwy and Hywel prior to Merfyn's accession to the throne.[7] Still other locations for "Manaw" have been suggested, including Ireland, Galloway and Powys.[1]

Rhys further noted that the Welsh Triads mention a "Gwryat son of Gwryan in the North", counted among the "Three Kings who were the Sons of Strangers", which he suggests is a reference to the father of Merfyn.[7][8] However, this conflicts with the Jesus College MS 20 pedigree, in which Gwriad's father is Elidyr. James E. Fraser suggests that the Gwriad of the Triad is instead to be identified with the King Guret of Alt Clut recorded by the Annals of Ulster as dying in 658.[9] See Also:

Elidyr or El Mar's line corrected from the texts and linked in the referenced and recorded at Merrick foundation web site with list at

Merfyn Frych ('Merfyn the Freckled'; Medieval Latin: Marbinus, Mermin), also known as Merfyn ap Gwriad ('Merfyn son of Gwriad') and Merfyn Camwri ('Merfyn the Oppressor'),[1] was King of Gwynedd from around 825 to 844, the first of its kings known not to have descended from the male line of Cunedda.

Little is known of his reign, and his primary notability is as the father of Rhodri the Great and founder of his dynasty, which was sometimes called the Merfynion after him.[2] Merfyn came to the throne in the aftermath of a bloody dynastic struggle between two rivals named Cynan and Hywel – generally identified with the sons of Rhodri Molwynog,[3] despite that putting both men well into their 70s or 80s at the time[4] – at a time when the kingdom had been under pressure from Mercia.[5]

The Annales Cambriae say Merfyn died around 844, the same year in which a battle occurred at Cetyll,[6] but it is unclear whether those were two unrelated events or he fell in battle.[7][8]

Rhodri ap Merfyn (c. 820–878), later known as Rhodri the Great (Welsh: Rhodri Mawr), succeeded his father, Merfyn Frych, as King of Gwynedd in 844. Rhodri annexed Powys c. 856 and Seisyllwg c. 871. He is called "King of the Britons" by the Annals of Ulster. In some later histories, he is referred to as "King of Wales", although the title is anachronistic and his realm did not include southern Wales.

Rhodri was the son of Merfyn Frych, who had claimed Gwynedd upon the extinction of Cunedda's male line. Rhodri then inherited the realm after his father's death around 844. Merfyn hailed from "Manaw" which may either refer to the Isle of Man or Manau, the ancestral homeland of all Gwynedd's kings since Cunedda.

According to later genealogies, his mother or grandmother was Nest ferch Cadell of the ruling dynasty in Powys. Although surviving texts of Welsh law expressly forbid inheritance along the maternal line, Nest and Rhodri's supposed inheritance was later used to justify Gwynedd's annexation of Powys after the c. 855 death of Cyngen ap Cadell in preference to Cyngen's other heirs.

Similarly, Rhodri's marriage to Angharad ferch Meurig was used to explain his supposed inheritance of her brother Gwgon's kingdom of Ceredigion after that king's death in 872[1] via a principle of jure uxoris that does not survive in our sources for Welsh law.

Cadell ap Rhodri (854–909) was King of Seisyllwg, a minor kingdom in southwestern Wales, from about 872 until his death. Cadell was the second son of Rhodri the Great of Gwynedd and Angharad, a princess from Seisyllwg. In 872 Angharad's brother Gwgon, King of Seisyllwg, drowned without leaving an heir. Rhodri became steward over the kingdom, and while he was unable to make a legal claim to the throne, he was able to install Cadell as king.[1]

He passed it to his son, Hywel Dda, at his death in 909. Cadell and Hywel together also conquered Dyfed in 904–905, establishing Hywel as the king in that region. After his father's death, Hywel ruled the kingdoms jointly as Deheubarth.

Hywel Dda (English: Hywel the Good) or Hywel ap Cadell (c.880 – 950) was a King of Deheubarth who eventually came to rule most of Wales. He became the sole king of Seisyllwg in 920 and shortly thereafter established Deheubarth, and proceeded to gain control over the entire country from Prestatyn to Pembroke.[1] As a descendant of Rhodri Mawr through his father Cadell, Hywel was a member of the Dinefwr branch of the dynasty. He was recorded as King of the Britons in the Annales Cambriae and the Annals of Ulster.

Hywel is highly esteemed among other medieval Welsh rulers.[2] His name is particularly linked with the codification of traditional Welsh law, which were thenceforth known as the Laws of Hywel Dda. The latter part of his name (Dda, lit. “Good”) refers to the fact that his laws were just and good. The historian Dafydd Jenkins sees in them compassion rather than punishment, plenty of common sense and recognition of the rights of women.[2] Hywel Dda was a well-educated man even by modern standards, having a good knowledge of Welsh, Latin, and English.[2]

The office building and original home of the National Assembly for Wales is named Tŷ Hywel (“Hywel House” or “Hywel's House”) in honour of Hywel Dda. The original Assembly chamber, now known as Siambr Hywel (“Hywel's Chamber”), is used for educational courses and for children and young people's debates. The local health board of south-west Wales also bears his name.

Hywel was born around 880, the son of King Cadell of Seisyllwg. He had a brother, Clydog, who was probably the younger of the two. Hywel was later reputed to have married Elen, the supposed heiress of King Llywarch of Dyfed, which connection was subsequently used to justify his family's reign over that kingdom.[3]

Hywel's father Cadell had been installed as King of Seisyllwg by his father, Rhodri the Great of Gwynedd, following the drowning of the last king in the traditional line, Gwgon, in 872.[4] After Gwgon's death, Rhodri, husband to the dead king's sister Angharad, became steward of his kingdom. This gave Rhodri no standing to claim the kingship of Seisyllwg himself, but he was able to install his son Cadell as a subject king.[4] Cadell died around 911, and his lands in Seisyllwg appears to have been divided between his two sons Hywel and Clydog.[3]

Owain ap Hywel (died c. 987) was king of Deheubarth in south Wales and probably also controlled Powys.

Owain was one of the three sons of Hywel the Good. Upon Hywel's death around 950, Owain, Rhodri, and Edwin divided his lands among themselves according to Welsh law. The sons were not able to retain Hywel's hegemony over Gwynedd, which was reclaimed for its earlier dynasty by the sons of Idwal Foel.

In 952, two of the sons of Idwal Foel, Iago and Ieuaf, invaded the south, penetrating as far as Dyfed. The sons of Hywel retaliated by invading the north in 954, reaching as far north as the Conwy valley before being defeated at Llanrwst and being obliged to retreat to Ceredigion.

Rhodri died in 953 and Edwin in 954, leaving Owain in sole possession of Deheubarth alone. Owain did not again try to reclaim Gwynedd; instead, he and his son Einion turned eastwards to attack the kingdom of Morgannwg (modern Glamorgan) in 960, 970, and 977. Owain was now aging, and it appears that Einion took over the rule of the kingdom on behalf of his father. On a further raid on the east in 984, Einion was killed by the noblemen of Gwent.

Following Einion's death, Owain's second son Maredudd took over his position. In 986, he successfully returned to the north and seized Gwynedd, ousting Ieuaf's son Cadwallon. The following year Owain died and Maredudd became king of Deheubarth as well, although he later consented to share his kingdom with Einion's heirs Edwin and Cadell.

The A text of the Annales Cambriae were apparently compiled at Owain's instigation.

His Children:

Einion ab Owain (died c. 984) was a medieval Welsh prince of the House of Dinefwr. He was the eldest son and probable edling of King Owain of Dyfed, son of Hywel Dda.[1]

The Chronicle of the Princes records Einion assisting King Iago of Gwynedd in driving the Irish and their Danish allies from Wales in 966.[2] Einion then raided Gower again the next year, "on the pretense" of opposing the pagan Vikings and their supporters. This prompted a retaliatory raid by King Owain of Morgannwg, who brought Gower back under his control, and an invasion by King Edgar of England, who forced Einion's father Owain to swear fealty to him at Caerleon upon Usk.[2] A third raid in 976[3] went little better: Einion is recorded devastating the area so thoroughly it provoked famine but Owain ap Morgan's brother Ithel defeated him and restored the plunder to its owners.[2] At some point, he seems to have annexed Brycheiniog for Deheubarth[4] and King Hywel of Gwynedd—with the support of Ælfhere of Mercia[5]—then invaded in 980 and 981.[2][6] Einion defeated them at Llanwenog and in Brycheiniog but the country was heavily despoiled by the northerners and the English and by a Viking raid against St. David's in 980[2] or 982.[7]

Einion predeceased his father, being slain at Pencoed Colwynn by the men of Glywysing and Gwent in AD 982[2] or 984.[5] His offices were taken by his brother Maredudd, rather than by either of his sons. His line recovered the throne under his grandson Hywel around 1035.[8]

He is sometimes credited with being the namesake of Port Eynon or Einon on the Gower peninsula.[9]


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Maredudd ab Owain (died c. 999) was a 10th-century king in Wales of the High Middle Ages. A member of the House of Dinefwr, his patrimony was the kingdom of Deheubarth comprising the southern realms of Dyfed, Ceredigion, and Brycheiniog. Upon the death of his father King Owain around AD 988, he also inherited the kingdoms of Gwynedd and Powys, which he had conquered for his father. He was counted among the Kings of the Britons by the Chronicle of the Princes.

Maredudd was the younger son of King Owain of Deheubarth and the grandson of King Hywel the Good. Owain had inherited the kingdom through the early death of his brothers and Maredudd, too, came to the throne through the death of his elder brother Einion around 984. Around 986, Maredudd captured Gwynedd from its king Cadwallon ab Ieuaf. He may have controlled all Wales apart from Gwent and Morgannwg.

Maredudd is recorded as raiding Mercian settlements on the borders of Radnor and as paying a ransom of a silver penny a head to rescue some of his subjects who had been taken captive in Danish raids. Viking raids were a constant problem during Maredudd's reign. In 987, Godfrey Haroldson raided Anglesey, supposedly killing one thousand and carrying away another two thousand as captives; Maredudd was said to have then paid a huge ransom for the freedom of the hostages.

Following Maredudd's death around AD 999, the throne of Gwynedd was recovered for the line of Idwal Foel by Cynan ap Hywel. The throne of Deheubarth went to a man named Rhain who was accepted as Maredudd's son by its people but who—after the kingdom's conquest by Llywelyn ap Seisyll—was recorded by most Welsh histories as an Irish pretender and usurper. The kingdom was later restored to Maredudd's family, but through Hywel, the grandson of his brother Einion.


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You can follow the linked text to trace the family lines from here and continue with the line of the Mothers line below:

"Burke's Peerage," edition of 1887, page 946, et seq., as follows: (With Additions From Other Sources)

"The Meyricks are of the purest and noblest Cambrian blood, and have possessed the same ancestral estate and residence at Bodorgan, Anglesey, Wales, without interruption above a thousand years. They have the rare distinction of being lineally descended both from the sovereign Princes of Wales of the Welsh royal family, and from King Edward I., whose eldest son was the first Prince of Wales of the English royal family.

  • Tegid or Tacitus. It is believed he came from the line of the soldier who obtained the blood stained robe of Messiah or Christ. Records of manuscripts show he had married into the line of The Cousins of Yahshua Messiah (Jesus) by way of the sons of Matthew grandfather of John the Baptist. Other manuscripts found have shown this direct line to the ancient tribe of Levi, Judah and Israel. See

  • Padarn Beisrudd ap Tegid literally translates as Paternus of the Scarlet Robe, son of Tegid. His father may have borne the Roman name of Tacitus. Padarn is believed to have been born around AD 400 in the Old North (or Hen Gogledd) of Roman Britain. According to Old Welsh tradition, his grandson, Cunedda certainly came from Manaw Gododdin, the modern Clackmannanshire region of Scotland.

One traditional interpretation identifies Padarn as a Roman (or Romano-British) official of reasonably high rank who had been placed in command of Votadini troops stationed in Clackmannanshire in the 380s or earlier by the Emperor Magnus Maximus. Alternatively, he may have been a frontier chieftain in the same region who was granted Roman military rank, a practice attested elsewhere along the empire's borders at the time.[1]

His command in part of what is now Scotland probably lasted till his death and was then assumed by his son Edern. Edern was the father of Cunedda, founder of the Kingdom of Gwynedd.

The coat of Padarn Redcoat is one of the Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain, where it is said to fit perfectly any brave man, but will not fit cowards.

The Life of Saint Padarn contains a story about how King Arthur tried to steal his tunic, which suggests a link or borrowing of a legend connected with Padarn Redcoat.

  • Edern ap (son of) Padarn

  • Cunedda ap Edern, his father Eternus (Edeyrn) The name Cunedda (spelled Cunedag in the AD 828 pseudo-history Historia Brittonum) derives from the Brythonic word *Cunodagos, meaning good hound. His genealogy is traced back to a grandfather named Padarn Beisrudd, which literally translates as Paternus of the "red tunic". One traditional interpretation identifies Padarn as a Roman (or Romano-British) official of reasonably high rank who had been placed in command of Votadini troops stationed in the Clackmannanshire region of Scotland in the 380s or earlier by the Emperor Magnus Maximus. Alternatively, he may have been a frontier chieftain who was granted Roman military rank, a practice attested elsewhere along the empire's borders at the time. In all likelihood, Padarn's command in Scotland was assumed after his death by his son, Edern (Latin: Æturnus), and then passed to Edern's son, Cunedda.

According to Old Welsh tradition contained in section 62 the Historia Brittonum, Cunedda came from Manaw Gododdin, the modern Clackmannanshire region of Scotland.

  • Einion Yrth ap Cunedda (c. 420-500 ) also known as Einion Yrth (Welsh for "the Impetuous"), was a king of Gwynedd. Not to be confused with Einion Frenin, king of Llyn and Einion Yrth's grandson.

One of the sons of Cunedda, he travelled with his father to north Wales in the early 450s to expel Irish raiders from the region. After his father's death, Einion inherited control over the newly founded kingdom of Gwynedd. Aided by his brother Ceredig, ruler of Ceredigion, and his nephew Meirion, ruler of Meirionnydd, Einion built upon his father's successes and further established his family's rule in the region. He was succeeded by two sons: Cadwallon Lawhir and Owain Ddantgwyn.

  • Cadwallon Lawhir ('Long Hand') ap Einion Yrth (c. 460-534 ) also called Cadwallon I by some historians, was a king of Gwynedd. He was a son of Einion Yrth[1] and Prawst ferch Deithlyn.

According to tradition, Cadwallon ruled during, or shortly after, the Battle of Mons Badonicus, and King Arthur's victory over the Saxons (in either the early 490s or the mid 510s). Cadwallon's name is not connected with the legendary battle, but he may have benefitted from the period of relative peace and prosperity throughout Britain that it procured. The most momentous military achievement of Cadwallon's reign was the final expulsion of Irish settlers on Anglesey, and the re-absorption of that island, which later became the cultural and political base of the kingdom, into Gwynedd.

Cadwallon's epithet, Lawhir, may possibly refer to him having longer than usual arms or might also be a metaphor, referring to the extent of his authority. The late medieval poet Iolo Goch claims that he could "reach a stone from the ground to kill a raven, without bending his back, because his arm was as long as his side to the ground."

According to Gildas, Cadwallon's son, Maelgwn Gwynedd, murdered his uncle to ascend to the throne, which suggests that someone other than Maelgwn himself inherited the kingdom upon Cadwallon's death. No clear evidence exists as to who this "lost king" might be (assuming, of course, that Gildas's account is reliable), but some have suggested the name of Owain Ddantgwyn as the unfortunate heir/victim.

  • Maelgwn Gwynedd (Latin: Maglocunus; died c. 547[1]) was king of Gwynedd during the early 6th century. Surviving records suggest he held a pre-eminent position among the Brythonic kings in Wales and their allies in the "Old North" along the Scottish coast. Maelgwn was a generous supporter of Christianity, funding the foundation of churches throughout Wales and even far beyond the bounds of his own kingdom. Nonetheless, his principal legacy today is the scathing account of his behavior recorded in De excidio et conquestu Britanniae by Gildas, who considered Maelgwn a usurper and reprobate. The son of Cadwallon Lawhir and great grandson of Cunedda, Maelgwn was buried on Ynys Seiriol (now known as Puffin Island in English), off the eastern tip of Anglesey, having died of the "yellow plague", quite probably the arrival of Justinian's Plague to Britain. Maelgwn (IPA: /mɑːɨlgʊn/) in Welsh literally means "Princely Hound" and is composed of the elements mael "prince" (*maglo- in earlier, Common Brittonic) and cwn, the old oblique case form of ci "hound, dog" (from Common Brittonic nominative singular *cū, oblique *cun-). As "hound" was sometimes used as a kenning for a warrior in early Welsh poetry, the name may also be translated as "Princely Warrior".[2]


After the collapse of Roman authority in Britain, north Wales was invaded and colonized by Gaelic tribes from Ireland. The kingdom of Gwynedd began with the reconquest of the coast by northern Britons under the command of Maelgwn's great-grandfather Cunedda Wledig. Generations later, Maelgwn's father Cadwallon Long-Hand completed the process by destroying the last Irish settlements on Anglesey. Maelgwn was the first king to enjoy the fruits of his family's conquest and he is considered the founder of the medieval kingdom's royal family. He is thus most commonly referenced by appending the name of the kingdom to his own: Maelgwn Gwynedd.

By tradition, his llys (English: royal court, literally hall) was located at Deganwy, in the Creuddyn peninsula of Rhos. Tradition also holds that he died at nearby Llanrhos, and was buried there.[3] Other traditions say that he was buried at Ynys Seiriol (English: Island of St. Seiriol, Puffin Island), off easternmost Anglesey. There are no historical records to confirm or deny these traditions.

Historical records of this early era are scant. Maelgwn appears in the royal genealogies of the Harleian genealogies,[4] Jesus College MS. 20,[5] and Hengwrt MS. 202.[6] His death in a "great mortality" of 547 is noted in the Annales Cambriae.[1] Tradition holds that he died of the 'Yellow Plague' of Rhos, but this is based on one of the Triads that was written much later. The record says only that it was a "great mortality", which followed the outbreak of the great Plague of Justinian in Constantinople by a few years.

Maelgwn was a generous contributor to the cause of Christianity throughout Wales. He made donations to support Saint Brynach in Dyfed, Saint Cadoc in Gwynllwg, Saint Cybi in Anglesey, Saint Padarn in Ceredigion, and Saint Tydecho in Powys.[7] He is also associated with the foundation of Bangor, but hard evidence of this is lacking.[7] In his 1723 Mona Antiqua Restaurata, Henry Rowlands asserts that Bangor was raised to an episcopal see by Maelgwn in 550, but he provides no source for the assertion.[8]

The only contemporary information about the person is provided by Gildas, who includes Maelgwn among the five British kings who he condemns in allegorical terms in his De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae. He says Maelgwn held a regional pre-eminence among the other 4 kings, going on to say that he overthrew his paternal uncle (Latin: avunculus) to gain the throne; that he had taken up life as a monk but then returned to the secular world; that he had been married and divorced, then remarried to the widow of his nephew after being responsible for his nephew's death; and that he was tall.[9][10]

  • Rhun ap Maelgwn Gwynedd (died c. 586), also known as Rhun Hir ap Maelgwn Gwynedd (English: Rhun the Tall, son of Maelgwn Gwynedd), was King of Gwynedd (reigned c. 547 – c. 586). He came to the throne on the death of his father, King Maelgwn Gwynedd. There are no historical records of his reign in this early age. A story preserved in both the Venedotian Code and an elegy by Taliesin says that he waged a war against Rhydderch Hael of Alt Clut and the kings of Gododdin or Manaw Gododdin. The small scattered settlement of Caerhun in the Conwy valley is said to be named for him, though without strong authority. Rhun also appears in several medieval literary stories, as well as in the Welsh Triads. His wife was Perwyr ferch Rhûn "Ryfeddfawr" and their son was Beli ap Rhun "Hîr". Rhun ap Maelgwn appears in the royal genealogies of the Harleian genealogies,[1] Jesus College MS. 20,[2] and Hengwrt MS. 202.[3] The Bonedd y Saint (English: Descent of the Saints) says that he is the ancestor of Saint Edeyrn (the Bonedd y Saint says that Edeyrn was the great-grandson of Rhun,[4] while Hengwrt MS. 202 says that he was the grandson of Rhun[5]).

  • Beli ap Rhun (c. 517 – c. 599) was King of Gwynedd (reigned c. 586 – c. 599). Nothing is known of the person, and his name is known only from Welsh genealogies, which confirm that he had at least two sons. He succeeded his father Rhun ap Maelgwn as king, and was in turn succeeded by his son Iago. Beli was the either the father or grandfather of Saint Edeyrn.

The royal genealogies of the Harleian genealogies,[1] Jesus College MS. 20,[2] and Hengwrt MS. 202[3] show him as the ancestor and descendant of kings, and thus presumably a king himself. The Bonedd y Saint (English: Descent of the Saints) says that he is the ancestor of Saint Edeyrn (the Bonedd y Saint says that he was the son of Nudd or Lludd who was the son of Beli,[4] while Hengwrt MS. 202 says that he was the son of Beli[5]).

One of the medieval Welsh Triads mentions a certain 'Rhun ap Beli',[6][7] implying that there was yet another son of Beli, who was famed for his military exploits. The name is repeated elsewhere in medieval poetry, such as in Hywel Foel's (fl. c. 1240 – 1300) awdl lamenting the capture and imprisonment of Owain ap Gruffudd, where he likens Owain to Rhun: "Who if free, like Rhun the son of Beli, Would not let Lloegria burn his borders".

  • Iago ap Beli (c. 540 - c. 616) was King of Gwynedd (reigned c. 599 – c. 616). Little is known of him or his kingdom from this early era, with only a few anecdotal mentions of him in historical documents.

Iago ap Beli (Latin: Iacobus Belii filius . English: Saint James son of Beli) was the son and successor of King Beli ap Rhun, and is listed in the royal genealogies of the Harleian genealogies and in Jesus College MS. 20.[1][2] The only other record of him is the note of his death, which occurred in the same year as the Battle of Chester (Welsh: Gwaith Caer Lleon), with no connection between Iago's death and the famous battle,[3] and with no evidence that Gwynedd had any part in the battle.[4] He would be succeeded as king by his son, Cadfan ap Iago.

  • Cadfan ap Iago (c. 569 – c. 625) was King of Gwynedd (reigned c. 616 – c. 625). Little is known of the history of Gwynedd from this period, and information about Cadfan and his reign is minimal.

The historical person is known only from his appearance in royal genealogies, from his grant to Saint Beuno for the monastery at Clynnog Fawr, and from his inscribed gravestone.

Cadfan was the son and successor of King Iago ap Beli, and is listed in the royal genealogies of the Harleian genealogies and in Jesus College MS. 20

  • Cadvan (Catamanus), descended from a long line of regal ancestors, was King of North Wales at the end of the 6th century, and had his palace at Aberffraw. He fought at Bangor Iscoed, and is supposed to have been killed there, and buried at Bardsey. His grandson—

  • King Cadwaladr, a chivalrous and illustrious Prince, founded the church of Llangwaladr, A. D. 650—the parish church of Bodorgan, which is still the family seat, near Aberffraw, which became a sanctuary. He removed thither the remains of King Cadvan, which were re-buried in a stone coffin. The lid of the coffin with the following original description, still legible, is now affixed to the wall inside the church.—"Catamanus Rex, sapientissimus, opinatissimus omnium Regum;" i.e. "King Cad van, the wisest and most famous of all Kings." Cadwaladr began his reign A. D. 680, and was the last crowned king of the British race. He died at Rome, and was canonized. He was succeeded by his son—

  • Idwal Twrch, who was succeeded by his son—

  • Rhodvi Molwynog, A. D. 703, whose son—

  • Conan, was Prince of North Wales, A, D. 720. His only daughter and heiress—

  • Essylt, was married to Mervyn Vrych, King of Powys, and their son—

  • Rhodri Mawr, (Rhoderick the Great), King of all Wales, began to reign A. D. 843, and fell in battle A. D. 876. From him were descended, (besides others,) Owen Gwynnedd, Prince of Wales, A. D. 1136, and—

  • Llowarch ap Bran, Lord of Monau (Menai), and founder of the II. noble tribe of North Wales and Powys. They were brothers-in-law, their wives being sisters. Llowarch ap Bran was succeeded by his son, Meredydd, who married his cousin, Gwenillian, granddaughter of Prince Owen Gwynnedd.

  • Cadwgan ap Llywarch (Llowarch)

  • Meredydd ap Cadwgan ap Llowarch, ap Bran, of Bodorgan, whose descendant—

  • Eva, daughter of Meredydd ap Cadwgan, of Bodorgan, his only child and heiress, married Einion Sais, the direct descendant and representative in the 6th degree from—

  • Cydafael Ynnyd, lord of Cydewain, County Montgomery, and Judge of Powys, i. e. regent under the Prince, of Central Wales, called Powys, or Powys-land. He was a lineal descendant from Urien, Lord of Rhigid, A. D. 90, who is claimed to be a direct descendant from Coel Codebog, a British king, B. C. 262. Cydafael married Arienwen, daughter of Jarwarth, the eldest son of Prince Meredydd ap Bleddvnn, who was Prince of Wales, A. D. 1063. In the year 1212, when the country was threatened by an invasion by the English, Cydafael seized a firebrand with which he ran from mountain to mountain, summoning the people to arms, whereby he gave such timely notice that the invaders were repulsed. For this service his kinsman Llewellyn the Great granted him a coat-of arms, viz:

"Sable (to indicate the night) three firebrands, or., fired ppr." This coat was augmented (temp. Henry V.), by a grant to his descendant, Einion Sais, who married Eva of Bodorgan, of a—
"Chevron arg., charged with a fleur-de-lis gules, between two choughs, sable, respecting each other." And a crest was added, viz:
"A castle arg., surmounted by a chough (or Bran) holding in dexter claw a fleur-de-lis." This in allusion to castle Dinas-Bran, the principal fortress of his ancestor, Prince Bleddynn, and the place where Cydafael held his court as Judge of Powys.

Between Cydafael and Einion Sais (omitted by Burke) the line was through—

  • Samuel, son of Cydafael;

  • Madoc, son of Samuel;

  • Tydyr, son of Madoc;

  • Torworth, son of Tydyr;

  • Davydd, son of Torworth;

  • Einion, son of Davydd. Einion Sais was usher, or chamberlain, of the Palace of Sheen (Richmond) to Henry VI. (temp. 1413—1471) and so was called "Sais," i. e. "Saxon," on account of his being so much in England. He fought in the wars of Henry V., by whom his coat-of-arms was augmented. He was succeeded by his son—

  • Heylin, of Bodorgan, (Heylin ap Einiawn, Esq., was living 1465) whose son and successor—

  • Llewellyn ap Heylin married Angharad, daughter of William ap Evan, another decendant of Prince Owen Gwynnedd. Llewellyn fought at the battle of Bosworth (1485) on the side of Henry VII., and his two-handed sword and saltcellar are still preserved at Bodorgan, where also his saddle was a few years back.

  • Meyrick ap Llewellyn (Meuric) was a Captain of the Guard at the Coronation of Henry VIII., April 25, 1509. He was first High Sheriff of the County Anglesey, which office he held until his death. From him the name "Meyrick," signifying "Guardian," is derived as a surname, in pursuance of an act of Henry VIII., requiring that the name of every man at the time should be borne by his descendants as a surname, there being no surnames before that time in Wales. He married Margaret daughter of Roland, Rector of Aberffraw, Anglesey, Wales. His will is dated 30 Nov., 1538. His children were—

  1. Richard Merrick, Esq., of Bodorgan, Anglesey, Wales, who succeeded Meyrick ap Llewellyn as High Sheriff of Anglesey County.

  2. Rt. Rev. Roland Merrick, D. D., Bishop of Bangor, Wales, born, 1505.

  3. William Merrick. Died unmarried.

  4. Owain Merrick. Died unmarried.

Rev. John Merrick, Rector of Llandachya, Wales. From This line came in 1636 To America William also know as Gillium or Julian and his brothers James, John and Thomas Meyrick - Merrick. Some sources suggest also that Roland sons William and John also came later through a sugar plantation in barbados owned by the family along with the ship lines of the Virginia Company of London by commission of the King lead by John Merrick. George Byron Merrick and later Daniel W Merrick PhD recorded these lines in books of family history and genealogies.

  1. Rev. Edmund Merrick, L. L. D., Arch-deacon of Bangor, Wales.

  2. Rev. Reynault Merrick, Rector of Llanleehid, Wales.

All these except William and Owain were known to have married and left descendants in the male line.

Meuric's three daughters, Alice, Sionedd, and Agnes, were also married."

Roland, 2d son of Meyrick ap Llewellyn, was first Protestant Bishop of Bangor, and was buried in Bangor Cathedral; from him are descended the Meyricks of Goodrich Court, and of Bush., of whom are the Philadelphia branch of the family in America:

The Charlestown, Mass., branch is supposed to have been derived from Thomas, who settled in Massachusetts in 1636.

"This family is descended from Cadafael, lord of Cedewain in Powys , but it was in the Tudor period that it first came into prominence. LLEWELYN AP fought under Henry Tudor at the battle of Bosworth; his son MEURIG AP LLEWELYN served under Henry VIII, was promoted to be captain of the bodyguard, and was given the Crown Lease of the manor of Aberffraw. Meurig was succeeded at Bodorgan by five of the same name — Richard Meyrick; but it can hardly be said that any one of the five left much of a mark on the history of the county. There was trouble for years between RICHARD MEYRICK II (d. 1596 ) and Hugh Owen of Bodeon (q.v.) concerning part of the Aberffraw manor lands; the Bodorgan estate was crushed by the cost of the litigation and by 1590 a substantial portion had been sold to discharge Meyrick 's debts. RICHARD MEYRICK III (d. 1644 ) was the first of the family to be appointed sheriff of Anglesey , and that not until 1614 . Indeed, the Meyricks had very little lustre until the estate passed into the hands of OWEN MEYRICK I ( 1682 - 1760 ), second son of WILLIAM MEYRICK ( 1644 - 1717 ), and grandson of RICHARD MEYRICK IV (d. 1669 ). He set the estate on a strong foundation, looked after it ceaselessly and carefully, and considerably enlarged its boundaries. In the Anglesey election in 1708 , Owen opposed lord Bulkeley and, although unsuccessful on this occasion, effectively challenged the Bulkeley supremacy in the island. In 1715 he was actually elected to Parliament and held the seat until 1722 . He was also sheriff , 1705-6 , and Custos Rotulorum from 1715 until his death in 1759 . It is worth noting here that it was he who engaged Lewis Morris (q.v.) to measure the Bodorgan estate."

Welsh Biography Online: Meyrick

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Family trees of the kings of Gwynedd, Deheubarth and Powys and some of their more prominent relatives and heirs. The ancestries of Owain Glyndŵr and Henry VII of England that link them to the Welsh royal houses are also included.




















Einion Yrth ap Cunedda
Gwynedd c.470–500





























Cadwallon Lawhir ap Einion


Owain Ddantgwyn




















Maelgwn Gwynedd





















Rhun Hir ap Maelgwn























Beli ap Rhun
Gwynedd 586–599























Iago ap Beli























Cadfan ap Iago























Cadwallon ap Cadfan


Cadafael Cadomedd ap Cynfeddw










































Idwal Iwrch























Rhodri Molwynog ap Idwal


Caradog ap Meirion

























Cynan Dindaethwy ap Rhodri


Hywel ap Rhodri Molwynog

























Ethyllt ferch Cynan


Gwriad ap Elidyr


Cadell ap Brochfael


































Merfyn Frych


Nest ferch Cadell


Cyngen ap Cadell





















Angharad of Seisyllwg


Rhodri the Great b.820
Powys 855–878




Elisedd ap Cyngen








Hyfaidd ap Bleddri


























































Anarawd ap Rhodri






Merfyn ap Rhodri


Cadell ap Rhodri b.854


Llywarch ap Hyfaidd


Rhodri ap Hyfaidd
































Idwal Foel






Llywelyn ap Merfyn


Hywel Dda b.880


Elen ferch Llywarch





















































Meurig ap Idwal


Iago ap Idwal


Ieuaf ap Idwal


Rhodri ap Hywel


Owain ap Hywel


Edwin ap Hywel





















































Idwal ap Meurig


Hywel ap Ieuaf


Cadwallon ab Ieuaf


Einion ab Owain










Maredudd ab Owain
















































Iago ab Idwal ap Meurig


Cynan ap Hywel


Aeddan ap Blegywryd


Edwin ab Einion


Cadell ab Einion


Cynfyn ap Gwerstan


Angharad ferch Maredudd




Llywelyn ap Seisyll


Rhydderch ap Iestyn
































































Cynan ab Iago


Trahaearn ap Caradog


Owain ab Edwin


Hywel ab Edwin


Tewdwr ap Cadell


Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn


Bleddyn ap Cynfyn


Gruffydd ap Llywelyn




Gruffydd ap Rhydderch




































































Gruffudd ap Cynan b.1055


Angharad ferch Owain


Maredudd ab Owain ab Edwin


Rhys ab Owain


Rhys ap Tewdwr


Gwladys ferch Rhiwallon


Iorwerth ap Bleddyn


Maredudd ap Bleddyn




Cadwgan ap Bleddyn












































































































































Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd


Gwenllian ferch Gruffydd


Gruffydd ap Rhys


Nest ferch Rhys






Susanna ferch Gruffydd


Madog ap Maredudd


Gruffydd ap Maredudd


Owain ap Cadwgan











































































































































Owain Gwynedd b.1100


Cadell ap Gruffydd


Maredudd ap Gruffydd


Anarawd ap Gruffydd





Rhys ap Gruffydd b.1132


Gwenllian ferch Madog
















Owain Cyfeiliog
Powys Wenwynwyn



























































































































































































































Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd b.1120



Dafydd ab Owain Gwynedd
d. 1203



Maelgwn ab Owain Gwynedd


Cynan ab Owain Gwynedd


Rhodri ab Owain Gwynedd


Gwenllian ferch Rhys



Gruffydd ap Rhys II



Rhys Gryg


Angharad ferch Owain Gwynedd


Gruffydd Maelor I
Powys Fadog



























































































Iorwerth Drwyndwn


Marared ferch Madog


Gruffudd ap Cynan ab Owain Gwynedd


Maredudd ap Cynan ab Owain Gwynedd






Maelgwn ap Rhys


Ednyfed Fychan


Gwenllian ferch Rhys






Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor
Powys Fadog


Gwenwynwyn ap Owain
Powys Wenwynwyn













































































Llywelyn the Great b.1173






Llywelyn the Elder ap Maredudd




Tomas ap Rhodri ab Owain Gwynedd


Goronwy ab Ednyfed


Maredudd ap Rhys Grug


Rhys Mechyll


Gruffydd II ap Madog
Powys Fadog










































































Gruffydd ap Llywelyn


Dafydd ap Llywelyn b.1215




Maredudd ap Llywelyn
d. 1255


Caradog ap Tomas


Tudur Hen


Rhys ap Maredudd


Madog II ap Gruffydd
Powys Fadog


Gruffudd Fychan I
Powys Fadog


Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn
Powys Wenwynwyn













































































Llywelyn ap Gruffudd b.1223


Owain Goch ap Gruffydd d. 1282


Dafydd ap Gruffydd


Rhodri ap Gruffudd


Llywelyn ap Maredudd


Gruffudd ap Caradog


Goronwy ap Tudur Hen








Madog Crypl


Owen de la Pole



















































Gwenllian of Wales


Llywelyn ap Dafydd


Owain ap Dafydd


Tomas ap Rhodri


Madog ap Llywelyn


Dafydd ap Gruffudd


Tudur ap Goronwy








Gruffydd of Rhuddallt





















































Owain Lawgoch






Hywell ap Dafydd


Maredudd ap Tudur








Gruffudd Fychan II
d. 1369




























































Maredudd ap Hywell


Owen Tudor








Owain Glyndŵr




















































Robert ap Maredudd


Jeuan ap Maredudd


Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond

















































Ifan ap Robert


Anwyl of Tywyn Family


Henry VII of England













































Maredudd ap Ifan






House of Tudor














































John "Wynn" ap Maredudd
d. 1559














































Maurice Wynn

















































Sir John Wynn, 1st Baronet





























































Sir Richard Wynn, 2nd Baronet


Sir Owen Wynn, 3rd Baronet


Henry Wynn
















































Sir Richard Wynn, 4th Baronet


Sir John Wynn, 5th Baronet



























































































Before the Conquest of Wales was completed in 1282, Wales consisted of a number of independent kingdoms, the most important being Gwynedd, Powys, Deheubarth (originally Ceredigion, Seisyllwg and Dyfed), Gwent and Morgannwg. Boundary changes and the equal division of patrimony meant that few princes ever came close to ruling the whole of Wales.

The names of those known to have ruled over one or more of the kingdoms are listed below (those in heavy type ruled over a large portion of Wales).

In 909, Dyfed was merged with Seisyllwg (which included Ceredigion) to become Deheubarth. The following is a list of kings of the two former kingdoms, followed by the kings of the combined Deheubarth (beginning with Hywel Dda).



Ruled by Glywysing monarchs.

Ruled by House Dinefwr


House Manaw


Deheubarth was in the possession of the Normans from 1093 to 1155

From 1234 to 1283, Deheubarth was subject to the princes of Gwynedd


Main article: list of rulers of Gwynedd

Kings of Gwynedd

Prince of the Welsh

Princes of Aberffraw & Lords of Snowdon



Iestyn was the last ruler of an independent Morgannwg, which was thereafter in the possession of the Normans and became the lordship of Glamorgan


Iestyn was the last ruler of an independent Morgannwg, which was thereafter in the possession of the Normans and became the lordship of Glamorgan


Kings of Powys

House of Gwertherion

House of Manaw

Mathrafal Princes of Powys

From 1160 Powys was split into two parts. The southern part was later called Powys Wenwynwyn after Gwenwynwyn ab Owain "Cyfeiliog" ap Madog, while the northern part was called Powys Fadog after Madog ap Gruffydd "Maelor" ap Madog

See also